In order to cope with future economic challenges, German companies are increasingly seeking to recruit a skilled foreign workforce, both inside and outside the EU’s borders. As for the recruitment of skilled labor from non-European countries, Germany has become, in the last five years, undisputed champion in the distribution of Blue Cards. Similar to the US Green Card, the Blue Card is a European-wide approved work permit (Council Directive 2009/50 / EC) allowing highly qualified non-European citizens to work and settle in any location. countries of the European Union, with the exception of Denmark, Ireland, and the United Kingdom. In this article, we will reveal among other things what are the conditions for obtaining the Blue Card and what it entitles.
Why in Germany?
The German demographic challenge
The birth rate of the German population has always been low since the 1970s, and in 2015 the number of deaths was 187,625. One of the current challenges, as a result of the low birth rate, is a family-friendly society. The persistence of very low birth rates, as in the last four decades, predicts serious social, economic and geopolitical problems for Germany. It is estimated that by 2025, Germany will need 6 million foreign workers to pay the pensions of baby boomers who will then retire.
The good economic health of GermanyGermany has resisted better than its continental neighbors to the economic crisis. With its relatively low unemployment rate and a still healthy growth rate, it attracts a large number of young European graduates willing to use their freedom of movement. The number of immigrants from the EU Member States was above average. According to statistics from the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF), around 439,000 people from the EU immigrated to Germany in 2017, up from 277,000 in 2016. As a result, immigrants came mainly from Europe. ballast. One third came from Poland, another third from Romania, followed by Bulgaria.
In order to make up for its shortage of qualified manpower, Germany has to rely, in addition, on skilled workers from outside Europe. According to the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees, 21,727 EU blue cards were issued in Germany in 2017, up from 17,362 the previous year. Of the cards issued in 2017, 11,738 were new, ie cards issued to persons who did not have a residence permit in Germany before.
In conclusion, therefore, it will be remembered that with the liberalization of the conditions for obtaining the Blue Card (lowering of the required salary level, abandonment of the prerequisite for knowledge of the German language, etc.) Germany, a country traditionally perceived as not frankly favorable to immigration, managed to achieve a radical change of image and to attract the qualified workforce which its economy needed. Since 2013, the country is ranked second among the destinations of global emigration, just behind the United States.
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